Welcome to "Keep 43 Committee of Canada"

What is “43”? It refers to Canada’s parental spanking laws, Section 43 of the Criminal Code. In 2004, the Supreme Court's rulings provided common-sense, evidence-based guidelines clearly defining the difference between constructive physical disciplining vs. abusive force.


Keep 43 is a nonpartisan, research-based organization in collaboration with world-renown family & parenting experts, child psychologists, child welfare workers, medical & mental health practitioners and rational Childrens' Rights groups. We are not affiliated with any political or religious entity or philosophy.


There is nothing more important for society than raising children to become loving, productive, and well-adjusted adults.


However, some misguided ideologies inadvertently harm children and families by undermining time-tested and effective parenting methods. Some people are even trying to persuade Parliament to criminalize the 80% of parents who discipline their children lovingly, effectively & reasonably.


Our mission is to promote the facts of constructive physical discipline and to educate why spanking bans are proven to increase a spectrum of harms on children, families and society.

Fourty years of clinical research consistently shows that children raised with moderate and occasional spanking to enforce limits in loving and nurturing families experience no identifiable harms, but more importantly, show consistently better outcomes: better outlooks, behaviour, self-discipline, performance at school, resilience and more peaceful children.


There is NO research which shows spanking, in the limited fashion allowable under Canadian law produces any negative effect. None - it doesn't exist. (We'll explain how this deception of propaganda masquerading as scinece is played out herein).


The evidence is now overwhelming and undeniable: Wherever non-abusive spanking is banned, this has inflicted a long list of serious harms on children, parents & society.


The following harms directly caused by banning spanking / criminalizing parenting are already proven: INCREASES in serious assaults on and abuse of children (science proves 4 reasons why serious child abuse increases under spanking bans), child & youth violence, bullying / violence at school, CAS/CPS seizures of children from safe & loving families, increased foster-care abuse, increased criminal prosecution of good parents, mental health and behavioral/emotional disorders...


Longer term: a material factor deterring childbirths and collapsing fertility rates to the point-of-no-return, increased alcoholism, drug-induced death rates and child-rape rates.


Keep 43 believes we should minimize these harms on Canadian society. Thus, we defend the most balanced laws on the planet that do exactly that. We work to ensure children keep their rights to be raised in loving and firmly guiding parenting styles that scientifically produce the best developmental outcomes.



Harold A. Hoff

Chair / Child Protection Advocate & Researcher


Oppose Harmful Ideology / Protect Children & Family / Keep 43 

Download the KEEP43 Information Brochure
A resource for legislators and anyone involved with children, family and parenting
Keep 43 Brochure.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [1.9 MB]

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