What is “43”? It refers to Canada’s parental spanking laws, Section 43 of the Criminal Code. In 2004, the Supreme Court's rulings provided common-sense, evidence-based guidelines clearly defining the difference between allowable force in constructive disciplining vs. abusive force.
Keep 43 is a nonpartisan, research-based organization in collaboration with world-renown family & parenting experts, child psychologists, child welfare workers, medical & mental health practitioners and Childrens' Rights groups. We are not affiliated with any political or religious entity or philosophy.
There is nothing more important for society than raising children to become loving, productive, and well-adjusted adults.
However, some misguided ideologies inadvertently harm children and families by undermining time-tested and effective parenting methods. Some people are even trying to persuade Parliament to criminalize the 80% of parents who discipline their children lovingly, effectively & reasonably.
Our mission is to promote the facts of constructive physical discipline and to educate why harmful "spanking ban" ideologies weaken & inflict increased harms on children & family.
Fourty years of clinical research consistently shows that children raised with moderate and occasional spanking to enforce limits in loving and nurturing families experience no identifiable harms AND show consistently better outcomes: better outlooks, behaviour, performance at school, more resilient and less-violent children.
There is NO research which shows spanking, in the limited fashion allowable under Canadian law produces any negative effect. None - it doesn't exist and is explained further herein.
However; the evidence is now undeniable and overwhelming that wherever it is banned, this has inflicted a long list of serious harms on children, parents & society. The following harms directly caused by banning spanking are already proven, INCREASES in: serious assaults on and abuse of children (science proves 4 reasons why serious child abuse increases under spanking bans), child & youth violence, bullying / violence at school, CAS/CPS seizures of children from safe & loving families, increased foster-care abuse, increased criminal prosecution of good parents, a material factor deterring childbirths; and longer-term, increased alcoholism, drug-induced death rates, child-rape rates, mental health and behavioral/emotional disorders.
Keep 43 wants to minimize these harms on Canadian society and thus defends the most balanced laws on the planet that do exactly that. We work to ensure children keep their rights to be raised in loving and firmly guiding parenting styles that produce the best developmental outcomes.
Harold A. Hoff
Chair / Child Protection Advocate & Researcher