What is “43”? It refers to Canada’s parental spanking laws, Section 43 of the Criminal Code. In 2004, the Supreme Court's rulings provided common-sense, evidence-based guidelines clearly defining the difference between constructive physical disciplining vs. abusive force.
Keep 43 is a nonpartisan, research-based organization in collaboration with world-renown family & parenting experts, child psychologists, child welfare workers, educators, medical & mental health practitioners and Childrens' Rights & Protection Groups. We are not affiliated with any political or religious entity or philosophy.
There is nothing more important for society than raising children to become loving, productive, and well-adjusted adults.
However, some misguided ideologies inadvertently harm children and families by undermining time-tested and effective parenting methods. Some dangerous people are trying to persuade Parliament to criminalize the 82% of parents who discipline their children lovingly, effectively & reasonably.
Our mission is to promote the facts of constructive physical discipline and to educate why spanking bans are proven to inflict a spectrum of serious harms on children, families and society.
Fourty years of clinical research consistently shows that children raised with moderate and occasional spanking to enforce limits in loving and nurturing families experience no identifiable harms, but more importantly, show consistently better outcomes: These children exhibit better outlooks, behaviour, performance at school, more emotional and psychological resilience, are less out-of control or violent, and are more inclined to want children and family of their own.
There is NO research which shows spanking, in the limited fashion allowable under Canadian law produces any negative effect. None - it doesn't exist. We'll explain how this narrative has been hijacked by propaganda masquerading as science.
The evidence is now overwhelming: Wherever non-abusive spanking is banned, and the longer it has been banned, the following harms are observed: INCREASES in serious assaults on children (science proves 4 reasons why serious child abuse increases under spanking bans), child & youth violence, bullying / violence at school, CAS/CPS seizures of children from safe & loving families, increased foster-care abuse, increased criminal prosecution of good parents, parental alieneation, mental health and behavioral/emotional disorders...
Longer term: a material factor deterring childbirths and collapsing fertility rates to the point-of-no-return, increased alcoholism, drug-induced death rates and child-rape rates.
Keep 43 believes we should minimize these harms on Canadian society. Thus, we defend the most balanced laws on the planet that do exactly that. We work to ensure children keep their rights to be raised in loving and firmly guiding parenting styles that scientifically produce the best developmental outcomes.
Harold A. Hoff
Chair / Child Protection Advocate & Researcher
Oppose Harmful Ideology / Protect Children & Family / Keep 43